South Asia

Home to two nuclear-armed rivals and adjacent to rising global power China and an Afghanistan in transition, South Asia is a key focus of the global security debate. This programme brings together senior Afghan, Indian and Pakistani officials in various forms, and studies India–China land border and maritime issues management, among other topics.

11th IISS–NESA South Asia Security Conference

Promoting dialogue on South Asian security

The 11th South Asia Security Conference convened senior government officials from the United States, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and Bangladesh, and included a panel of female experts discussing their national efforts to counter extremism.

  • South Asia Conferences

    IISS–NESA South Asia Security Conference 2017

    25 October 2017. 

    11th ‘Track 1.5’ South Asia Security Conference
    Shangri-La Barr Al Jissah Resort and Spa, Muscat, Oman
    13–15 October 2017

  • Events

    The new US strategy on Afghanistan and South Asia: challenges and prospects

    18 October 2017. 

    Wednesday 18 October, 12.30–2pm BST
    Arundel House, London
    Dr Roger Kangas Academic Dean, Near East South Asia (NESA) Center for Strategic Studies
    John Wood, Associate Professor, NESA
    Jack Gill, Adjunct Professor, NESA
    Antoine Levesques, Research Associate for South Asia, IISS
    Rahul Roy-Chaudhury, Senior Fellow for South Asia, IISS

  • Strategic Comments

    US Afghanistan policy: regional aspects

    05 October 2017. 

    US President Donald Trump's new ‘Afghanistan and South Asia’ policy identifies Pakistan and India as key players but ignores or minimises other influential regional actors with vested interests in Afghanistan, including China, Russia, Iran and Saudi Arabia. Unless the US better integrates their interests, any regional approach to Afghanistan's stability and security is unlikely to succeed.

  • IISS Voices

    India counters China in the Indian Ocean

    25 August 2017.  Across South Asia, India and China are competing to expand their respective maritime influences in the Indian Ocean. In view of ongoing border disputes, New Delhi could well resume quadrilateral naval exercises with the US, Japan and Australia, says Rahul Roy-Chaudhury.

  • IISS Voices

    Resignation of PM Sharif: fresh blow to India–Pakistan strategic stability?

    08 August 2017.  Cracks in India and Pakistan’s relationship continue to grow, with no sign of meaningful dialogue between the nations. The sudden departure of Pakistan’s prime minister brings new worries. Yet neither country can afford to neglect strategic stability in the coming months. Institutions on both sides of the border must continue to communicate, directly or otherwise.

  • IISS Voices

    Why India and China need to turn down heat on simmering border dispute

    13 July 2017.  While neither India nor China wants current tensions in their unresolved border dispute to escalate, the crisis risks destabilising their fragile relationship if they cannot find a face-saving solution. It can no longer be seen in isolation from wider inter-regional developments in the Indo-Pacific.

  • Events

    India–Israel strategic cooperation and future prospects

    31 May 2017. 

    Discussion meeting
    P R Kumaraswamy, Professor of Middle Eastern Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University
    Chaired by Rahul Roy-Chaudhury, Senior Fellow for South Asia, IISS
    Arundel House, London
    Wednesday 31 May, 1-2pm BST

  • Events

    Third IISS South Asia Security Workshop

    13 May 2017. 

    Third 'Track 1.5' South Asia Security Workshop
    IISS–Middle East Office, Bahrain
    13–14 May 2017

  • Events

    India’s maritime security in the Indian Ocean and Indo-Pacific

    19 April 2017. 

    Discussion Meeting
    Dr Satu Limaye, Director, East West Center in Washington
    Arundel House, London
    Wednesday 19 April 2017, 11am–12pm BST

  • Events

    Saving Afghanistan’s Transition

    11 April 2017. 

    Discussion Meeting
    Professor William Maley, Professor of Diplomacy, Asia Pacific College of Diplomacy, The Australian National University
    Christina Lamb, Chief Foreign Correspondent, The Sunday Times
    Arundel House, London
    Tuesday 11 April 2017, 1–2pm BST

IISS Manama Dialogue 2017

India in the Gulf

IISS Senior Fellow for South Asia Rahul Roy-Chaudhury speaks at the 2017 IISS Manama Dialogue in Bahrain.

About the conference

The 11th IISS South Asia Security Conference, in partnership with the Near East South Asia Center for Strategic Studies at the US National Defense University, took place in Muscat, Oman, on 13–15 October 2017.