Download PDF In the February–March 2015 issue of Survival, Chester A. Crocker, François Heisbourg, Lawrence Freedman and Matthew Kroenig discuss strategy in a world adrift; Nigel Inkster, Lawrence J. Cavaiola, David C. Gompert and Martin Libicki explore war online; Zahir Kazmi, Mark Fitzpatrick, Arundhati Ghose and Manpreet Sethi debate Pakistan's nuclear future; and Jonathan Stevenson reviews the US Senate study on CIA torture.

Arm’s length

‘Well, I guess I’ll shake your hand, but I only have one thing to say to you: you need to get out of Ukraine.’

Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper greets Russian President Vladimir Putin at the G20 summit in Brisbane.1

Big deal

‘As the world’s largest economies and greatest emitters of greenhouse gases, we have special responsibility to lead the global effort against climate change. I am proud we can announce a historic agreement. ‘

US President Barack Obama announces a deal agreed with Chinese President Xi Jinping to cut both countries’ greenhouse-gas emissions.2

$81 million

Amount received by contractor psychologists James Mitchell and Bruce Jessen for developing and implementing the CIA’s detention and interrogation programme between 2002 and 2009

$40 million

Amount spent by the US government to investigate this programme between 2010 and 20143

Pencils and bullets

‘Freedom will always be stronger than barbarism.’

French President François Hollande reacts to the murder of 12 staff members of the satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo in Paris on 7 January 2015.4

‘We cannot allow this; this is an act of war. It might be good if, tomorrow, all newspapers were called Charlie Hebdo. If we titled them all Charlie Hebdo. If all of France was Charlie Hebdo. It would show that we are not okay with this. That we will never stop laughing. We will never let liberty be extinguished.’

Former Charlie Hebdo publisher Phillippe Val gives an interview to France Inter radio.5

Defining issue

‘There are many who are challenging Israel’s character as the national state of the Jewish people. The Palestinians refuse to recognise this, and there is also opposition from within… Neither do I understand those who are calling for two states for two peoples but who also oppose anchoring this in law. They are pleased to recognise a Palestinian national state but strongly oppose a Jewish national state.’

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu defends proposed legislation that would define Israel as the nation-state of the Jewish people.6

‘Does this bill not in fact play into the hands of those who seek to slander us? Into the very hands of those who wish to show that even among us, there are those who see contradiction between our being a free people in our land, and the freedoms of the non-Jewish communities in our midst?’

Israeli President Reuven Rivlin.7

Change of tack

‘You just cannot overstate the importance of this pope.’

A senior White House official, speaking on condition of anonymity, discusses the importance of an intervention by Pope Francis in bringing about the US–Cuba deal.8

‘Five and a half decades of history show us that such belligerence inhibits better judgement. Two wrongs never make a right. This is a game-changer, which I fully support.’

Alan Gross, an American government contractor, whose release from a Cuban prison accompanied the agreement.9

‘This entire policy shift announced today is based on an illusion, on a lie, the lie and the illusion that more commerce and access to money and goods will translate to political freedom for the Cuban people.’

Republican Senator Marco Rubio, who is the son of Cuban immigrants.10


‘We announce that there will be no differentiation between “good” and “bad” Taliban.’

Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, announcing a shift in his government’s policy toward extremist groups, following an attack on the Army Public School in Peshawar on 18 December 2014.11


Usual print run of satirical French newspaper Charlie Hebdo


Planned print run for the Charlie Hebdo issue released following an attack on the magazine’s staff that left 12 people dead12

Manama Dialogue 2014

‘We are not only fighting terrorists. We are fighting theocrats. I use the term theocrats because this war that we are engaged in cannot be against Islam, cannot be against Christianity, cannot be against Judaism, cannot be against Buddhism. It is unfair to those of us who practice our religion responsibly and in the manner that I believe that it was brought to us to practice, and it sullies the name of a great tradition and a great philosophy that is divine, and must be above politics.’

HRH Prince Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa, Crown Prince of the Kingdom of Bahrain, speaks at the 10th IISS Manama Dialogue on 5 December 2014.13

‘One of the joys of being British is that pretty much wherever you go in the world, somebody can point to a line on a map that was drawn by somebody who is British and blame them for the problem that we are dealing with today.’

UK Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond.14

‘You will not be able to defeat ISIS by air-strikes. You need ground forces. The US is not in a position to launch ground forces. Europe is not in a position to launch ground forces. GCC and Arab countries in the coalition do not have potential to launch ground forces. The only real, practical, major fight against ISIS is about the coalition, Iraqi army, Iranian and Syrian government armies, Hizbullah and Peshmerga of Kurdistan. They are the real forces fighting ISIS.’

Seyed Hossein Mousavian, Research Scholar, Princeton University; former Head, Foreign Relations Committee, Supreme National Security Council, Iran.15


1 1 Ben Doherty, ‘Canadian Prime Minister Shirtfronts Vladimir Putin Instead’, Guardian, 15 November 2014,

2 Lenore Taylor and Tania Branigan, ‘US and China Strike Deal on Carbon Cuts in Push for Global Climate Change Pact’, Guardian, 12 November 2014,

3 Spencer Ackerman and Dominic Rushe, ‘Senate Report on CIA Torture Claims Spy Agency Lied about ‘Ineffective’ Program’, Guardian, 9 December 2014,

4 Kim Willsher, Jon Henley and Alexandra Topping, ‘Charlie Hebdo Attack: Several Arrested but Hunt for Suspects Continues’, Guardian, 8 January 2015,

5 Translation based on Claire Phipps, Alexandra Topping and Tom McCarthy, ‘Charlie Hebdo Magazine Attack: Vigils Held as French Hunt Suspects – As It Happened’, Guardian, 7 January 2015,; original quoted in ‘Philippe Val: “J’ai perdu tous mes amis aujourd’hui”’, Liberation, 7 January 2015,

6 Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Cabinet Communiqué, Embassy of Israel in New Zealand, 23 November 2014,

7 Peter Beaumont, ‘Israeli President Opposes Proposed Law to Give “National Rights” to Jews Only’, Guardian, 26 November 2015,

8 Mark Landler and Michael R. Gordon, ‘Journey to Reconciliation: Visited Worlds of Presidents, Popes and Spies’, New York Times, 17 December 2014,

9 Peter Baker, ‘U.S. to Restore Full Relations with Cuba, Erasing a Last Trace of Cold War Hostility’, New York Times, 17 December 2014,

10 Peter Baker, ‘U.S. to Restore Full Relations with Cuba, Erasing a Last Trace of Cold War Hostility’, New York Times, 17 December 2014,

11 Jon Boone, Emma Graham-Harrison and Ewen MacAskill, ‘Pakistan’s Prime Minister Promises Day of Reckoning with Militants’, Guardian, 17 December 2014,

12 ‘Charlie Hebdo Attack: Print Run for New Issue Expanded’, BBC News, 14 January 2015,

13 Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa, ‘Opening of the IISS Manama Dialogue’, Manama Dialogue, Manama, 5 December 2014,

14 Philip Hammond, ‘Strategic Priorities in the Middle East: Q&A’, Manama Dialogue, Manama, 6 December 2014,

15 Seyed Hossein Mousavian, ‘Iran, Syria and Regional Security: Q&A’, Manama Dialogue, Manama, 6 December 2014,

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Survival: Global Politics and Strategy

February-March 2015

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