In the year to mid-2011, the pace of history quickened. Strategic Survey 2011: The Annual Review of World Affairs includes a special chapter on the Arab Awakening, in which protests against autocratic rule spread like wildfire across the Arab world, toppling the leaders of Tunisia and Egypt and bringing conflict elsewhere. An earthquake and tsunami killed thousands in Japan, and triggered the worst nuclear accident for 25 years. As war dragged on in Afghanistan, Western leaders agreed on a plan to withdraw from combat. A daring raid into Pakistan by American special forces killed al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden but caused fury in Islamabad. Meanwhile, the high level of food prices caused mounting concern, as did the provocative military actions of the North Korean regime. China’s economy, military power and global influence continued to expand.