Why India Worries About China; India’s Evolving Nuclear Posture; India’s Naval Development; Relations with the United States; Relations with Japan; Relations with Australia; Acting East: Indian Policy in Southeast Asia; Conclusion

China’s expanding military and economic power is of increasing concern for Indian decision-makers. Despite growing trade between the two countries, as well as positive sentiments about various areas of cooperation in the January 2017 Chinese white paper on Asia-Pacific security, political relations are hampered by a variety of issues. These include an unresolved border and territorial dispute, China’s strategic ties and support to Pakistan, Beijing’s apparent undermining of Indian goals in multilateral agencies and its ever larger economic and strategic ‘footprint’ in areas proximate to India through its expanding regional infrastructure. India’s growing diplomatic and military closeness to the United States and its allies in the region is another complicating factor.

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