• Survival

    The Thick Red Line: Implications of the 2013 Chemical-Weapons Crisis for Deterrence and Transatlantic Relations

    20 November 2017.  Whether or not American policy after the 2013 Syrian chemical-weapons attack was wise, its execution was bungled, causing unnecessary harm to the US–France relationship.

  • Strategic Survey

    Chapter 7: Middle East and North Africa

    06 September 2017. 

    Maintaining the most potent geopolitical rivalry in the Middle East, Iran and Saudi Arabia moved even further apart in the year to mid-2017, seeking to solidify their respective alliances and adjust their positions in response to fluctuating US policy.

  • Strategic Comments

    The unwinding of South Africa’s foreign policy

    23 August 2017. 

    South African President Jacob Zuma's corrupt personalisation of foreign policy, systematic government mismanagement and rising xenophobia are marginalising South Africa in continental and international affairs. Restoring South Africa to its leadership standing will be a major priority for his successor and the next government.

  • IISS Voices

    Urban centres are increasingly affected by war and displacement

    12 May 2017.  Towns and cities are increasingly bearing the brunt of regional conflicts. During 2016, competing forces often resorted to using urban centres as a staging ground for violence, while a growing tendency among refugee populations to settle in towns and cities placed unprecedented strain on host communities and infrastructure. 

  • IISS Voices

    Understanding conflict-related sexual violence

    12 May 2017.  Rape and other forms of sexual violence are not an inevitable consequence of war, and are perpetrated only by some armed actors. Understanding this variation has important implications for designing policy for sexual violence prevention and prosecution efforts, as well as peacekeeping, peacebuilding and transitional justice.

  • Armed Conflict Survey

    Chapter 1, Part II: Conflict-related Sexual Violence

    09 May 2017. 

    Sexual violence against civilians is not an inevitable by-product of war. Understanding the institutional contexts in which commanders tolerate conflict-related sexual violence should help policymakers address such violence by actors such as UN peacekeepers.

  • Strategic Comments

    TLAMs in Syria

    12 April 2017. 

    The United States' Tomahawk cruise-missile strikes on the Syrian regime's Shayrat Air Base in retaliation for the regime's sarin attack are unlikely to advance peace in Syria. The regime and its main supporters, Russia and Iran, remain defiant, and the Trump administration appears inclined to frame the strikes as a relatively narrow deterrent against chemical weapons attacks and keep counter-terrorism its main priority in Syria for now.

  • Strategic Comments

    Africa and the International Criminal Court

    21 December 2016. 

    Although three African countries have recently announced their withdrawals from the International Criminal Court (ICC), a mass exodus does not appear imminent. Perceptions of the Court's bias towards African member-states are exaggerated, and it has begun to challenge major powers. Exceptions to the ICC's prosecutorial obligations allowing member-states greater flexibility to accommodate conflict resolution efforts among other situations could make African member-states less hostile to the Court. 

  • Strategic Survey

    Chapter 7: Middle East and North Africa

    27 September 2016. 

    As Syria remained the fulcrum of regional competition in the Middle East, it also emerged as a potential flashpoint for conflict between international powers.

  • IISS Voices

    Ben Barry: Britain's Iraq Inquiry - an initial military assessment

    07 July 2016.  The long-awaited results of a seven-year inquiry into the UK's role in the Iraq War of 2003 have finally been published. Here, Ben Barry recalls his own experiences of assessing the British Army's efforts to stabilise the country after the conflict and how he came to similarly uncomfortable conclusions about the UK's failure to achieve its strategic objectives.

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