• Survival

    The Strategic Logic of Nuclear Restraint

    22 July 2015.  It is manifestly in the American interest that nuclear weapons are never again used in war – but if they are, should the United States retaliate in kind?

  • Strategic Comments

    Iran’s nuclear agreement: the terms

    21 July 2015. 

    If faithfully implemented, the agreement reached on 14 July will put off the threat of a nuclear weapon for 15 years, and remove Iran from its economic and political isolation.

  • Expert Commentary

    APPG Briefing: A worthwhile Iran deal

    16 July 2015.  Remarks on the recent Iran nuclear deal to the UK’s All-Party Parliamentary Group on Global Security and Non-Proliferation on 15 July

  • Expert Commentary

    Prospect: The good, the bad and the ugly in the Iran nuclear deal

    15 July 2015.  By Mark Fitzpatrick, Director, Non-Proliferation and Disarmament Programme The agreement reached in Vienna on 14th July is not a great deal for either Iran or the world powers with whom it was negotiating. But it is good enough and far better than the alternative of the status quo ante. Less than two years ago, Iran was locked in an increasingly worrisome confrontation with the Western nations, adding more centrifuges as they added...

  • Events

    Assessing the (Presumptive) Iran Nuclear Deal

    10 July 2015. 

    Discussion Meeting
    Mark Fitzpatrick
    Director, Non-Proliferation and Disarmament Programme, IISS
    Arundel House, London
    Friday 10 July 2015, 1-2pm

  • IISS Voices

    Adil Sultan: In defence of Pakistan's nuclear management

    26 June 2015.  Rumours have been swirling in the wake of the Iran nuclear talks that Saudi Arabia may be planning to buy nuclear weapons from Pakistan. But such suspicions do not tally with Islamabad's current strict nuclear-control measures.

  • Politics and Strategy

    Mark Fitzpatrick: Verifying an Iran nuclear deal

    25 June 2015.  Discussions in Vienna this week confirmed for me two things concerning verification of Iran’s nuclear programme by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Firstly, no deal can be acceptable that would preclude the agency’s future access to military sites or nuclear scientists. Demands by the Iranian parliament, the Supreme Leader and Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps commanders to prohibit such access must be rejected. Secondly, Iranian failure to account fully for...

  • Politics and Strategy

    Mark Fitzpatrick: Limiting Iran’s nuclear R&D

    19 June 2015.  Among the several reasons I was pleasantly surprised by the 2 April Lausanne accord was that Iran agreed not to use anything other than first-generation centrifuges to enrich uranium for ten years. The IR-1 is the Model T of the centrifuge industry – clunky, slow and prone to break-down. Given its limited efficiency, keeping Iran’s programme restricted for now to the IR-1 is a significant confidence-building measure. Not long ago...

  • Politics and Strategy

    Mark Fitzpatrick: Inspecting Iran anywhere, but not anytime

    16 June 2015.  One of the most vexing issues remaining to be negotiated between Iran and the six major powers regards future inspector access to military sites. From a Western perspective, it is a no-brainer that Iran should not be able to hide nuclear-weapons work at military bases. Iran, on the other hand, has a legitimate need to protect military secrets that are unrelated to illicit nuclear activity. No sovereign country, especially one...

  • IISS Voices

    Paulina Izewicz: Eastern Europe’s post-Crimea disarmament nerves

    11 June 2015.  In light of Russia’s annexation of Crimea and the Kremlin’s recent nuclear rhetoric, Poland and other states in region are increasingly cautious about the further withdrawal of US tactical nuclear weapons from European soil

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