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Security and Development

IISS research into how insecurity hampers global development, and what the appropriate policy responses might be.

IISS Voices

Deciphering the jihadist threat on Libya’s shifting sands

With a possible collaboration between the Libyan branch of the Islamic State and al-Qaeda-affiliated groups on the ground, the jihadist threat in Libya becomes even more amorphous.

  • Strategic Comments

    Venezuela’s post-Chavez torment

    03 August 2016. 

    Venezuela's dire economic situation – involving hyperinflation, capital flight and severe shortages of food and medicine – has produced violent protests, looting and the political opposition's calls for intransigent President Nicolas Maduro's recall. Procedures for a recall vote are under way. While replacing Maduro would not instantly solve Venezuela's complex problems, little progress appears possible without it.

  • Events

    Transitioning from Colombia’s Long War

    27 July 2016. 

    Discussion Meeting
    HE Néstor Osorio Londoño, Colombia’s Ambassador to the United Kingdom
    Dr Samir Puri, Lecturer, King's College London; author of upcoming Adelphi book Fighting and Negotiating with Armed Groups
    Antônio Sampaio, Research Associate for Security and Development, IISS
    Gwen Burnyeat, Wolfson Scholar, PhD Student, University College London
    Arundel House, London
    Wednesday 27 July 2016, 12–1.30PM BST

  • Strategic Comments

    Mozambique and Zimbabwe: potentially converging paths

    06 July 2016. 

    Mozambique, long favoured by Western donors, to their disapproval has recently shown signs of corruption, instability and poor governance and looked to China for help that may not be forthcoming. Zimbabwe, long disfavoured by Western donors, is cooling to China's commercial and political involvement in its national affairs. Both southern African countries may eventually need to reinvigorate appeals for assistance from Western donors, which would come with relatively stringent governance and economic conditions.

  • IISS Voices

    Antônio Sampaio: Despite hopes for lasting peace in Colombia, political economy of conflict remains intact

    23 June 2016.  The historic peace deal will no doubt result in a significant decrease in, if not the end of, armed conflict between the government of Colombia and FARC rebels. But, as Antonio Sampaio explains, the situation in the country’s rural backwaters remains messy and far less clear-cut than the gestures and statements given in the grand halls of Havana might suggest.

  • Events

    The Human and Socio-economic Cost of Conflict

    13 June 2016. 

    Discussion Meeting
    Seema Biswas, General Surgeon, Ziv Medical Centre, Israel; Editor-in-Chief, BMJ Case Reports
    Dr Anke Hoeffler, Research Officer, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), University of Oxford
    Arundel House, London
    Monday 13 June 2016, 1–2PM BST

  • Adelphi Books

    Chapter Three: The changing landscape of business and conflict in fragile states

    08 June 2016. 

    The contemporary international focus on the behaviour of multinational corporations – whether they may act as hero or villain – is inadequate to address the many intertwined dynamics of business and conflict in fragile states. The lens needs to be widened to look at the changing landscape, and the variety of critical actors involved.

  • Adelphi Books

    Chapter Two: Business and peaceful development in fragile states

    08 June 2016. 

    A competing view of the multinational corporation is that it is a force for conflict reduction in fragile states. This view is explored within this chapter, which shows how financial institutions, fragile state governments, business advocates and others draw on a long-standing liberal economic history to understand a vigorous and inclusive private sector as the foundation for peaceful development. 

  • Adelphi Books

    Introduction: Business and conflict in fragile states

    08 June 2016. 

    This book explores contemporary international responses to business and conflict in fragile states: their histories and underlying premises, how they may be helping, where they are falling short and what might be done about it by multinational corporations and others. It then examines alternative approaches that could perhaps better address destructive conflicts linked to large-scale business operations in fragile stages as they unfold today and can be anticipated to increase in number and intensity tomorrow. 

  • Adelphi Books

    Conclusion: The case for pragmatic solutions

    08 June 2016. 

    Neither company shareholders nor advocates for peaceful development need, or should, accept the growing cost of business-related conflict in fragile environments. It is unhelpfully naïve to ignore the actors inside and outside companies and governments who are perfectly willing to profit from fragile state dynamics, including violence; but it is irresponsibly cynical to ignore the increasingly strong evidence of conflict mitigation strategies that all the same work.

  • Adelphi Books

    Chapter Four: The limits of state-building

    08 June 2016. 

    What are the time frames required for desired changes in the dynamics of business and conflict in fragile states under the dominant international policy regimes now being pursued? The impacts of state-building, microeconomic responses to macroeconomic transformation and legal/regulatory reform are typically measured in decades, or even generations, and thus intended results in the area of business and conflict are only likely in the long term.

The urban refugee crisis

The Syrian refugee crisis has highlighted the urgent need to address the multi-dimensional challenges presented by urban refugees more effectively.

Business and Conflict in Fragile States

Are there better alternatives to the dominant international approaches to business and conflict in fragile states? This Adelphi explores them.

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