The IISS Defence and Military Analysis Programme (DMAP) analyses global defence and security affairs. Focus areas include national military and security policies and capabilities; reform and modernisation of armed forces; the impact of new technologies; defence spending and procurement; the effects of austerity and rising spending on defence policy and acquisition; trends in equipment design and utility; and the defence-industrial base.
DMAP’s major print and online output remains the IISS flagship publication The Military Balance. Published since 1959, it is regarded as the global benchmark in the assessment of national military capabilities and defence economics.
DMAP delivers tailored and versatile products based on the requirements of the Institute’s core audiences in government, the private sector, and academia. To this end, the programme actively develops and maintains links with international defence ministries, military and security forces, defence industries, as well as members of the expert community. These links, coupled with the strong analytical capacities of its in-house team of analysts, enable it to not only maintain the high integrity and credibility of its information, but also host a series of key public and private events analysing global defence issues. DMAP, in conjunction with other IISS research programmes, regularly assists governments in their strategic defence reviews and planning efforts and supports the business community on questions of strategy and business development.
Currently, the research team is pursuing a variety of research interests, including the impact of long-range geostrategic trends on the future character of armed conflict and the military analysis of current conflicts (Ukraine; Iraq; Syria; ISIS). Future research priorities for DMAP staff include:
The status and prospects of Russian military modernisation
Events in eastern Ukraine since early 2014 have sharpened focus on the capabilities of Russia's armed forces and the purpose, extent and likely success of Moscow’s military modernisation programme, issues DMAP will explore using its wealth of defence information and convening power.
The future of global defence markets
Global defence equipment markets are being shaped by divergent defence spending trends and the rapid pace of technological advance, which have an impact on defence production cost profiles, market structures, competitive pressures, acquisition reform, industrial policy and the future financial viability of current business models.
Military innovation and adaptation
Throughout history the ability of armed forces to innovate in peace and adapt in war have been central to their ability to succeed on operations. Drawing on case studies of Western and non-Western armed forces, DMAP is seeking to develop an understanding of best practices to inform armed forces, governments, and industry.
The future of Europe’s military aerospace industry
While Europe’s defence industrial base continues to reflect often differing and conflicting national priorities and requirements, changes in military force structure, recalibrated political ambition, increasing competition and cuts in procurement numbers all conspire to place the sector under considerable pressure, making it vital to analyse how core competencies can be maintained to meet future requirements.
Future European maritime capabilities
Europe’s maritime capabilities have faced significant reductions and lack coherence. With the maritime domain in flux, there is a new imperative to examine and define the scope of future capabilities, and analyse the prospects for increased coherence and effectiveness.