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Azaz, 23 April 2013. A mosque damaged in the fighting in Syria (Photo: ICRC)

Armed Conflict

With facts and figures on global conflicts, this IISS research programme also offers extensive analysis on the changing character of armed conflict.

Expert: Anastasia Voronkova

Editor, Armed Conflict Survey; Research Fellow for Armed Conflict and Armed Conflict Database

New publication

Armed Conflict Survey 2016

The Armed Conflict Survey provides in-depth analysis of the political, military and humanitarian dimensions of all major armed conflicts, as well as data on fatalities, refugees and internally displaced persons. Compiled by the IISS, publisher of The Military Balance, it is the standard reference work on contemporary conflict.

  • Strategic Comments

    The battle for Mosul

    15 May 2017. 

    Iraqi government and allied forces are poised to decisively retake Mosul from the Islamic State, also known as ISIS or ISIL, within the next few months. But the presence of ISIS in Syria will still pose the risk of the group's resurgence in Iraq until the Iraq–Syria border is secure and ISIS has been denied control of Raqqa, its Syrian base and self-declared capital.

  • IISS Voices

    Urban centres are increasingly affected by war and displacement

    12 May 2017.  Towns and cities are increasingly bearing the brunt of regional conflicts. During 2016, competing forces often resorted to using urban centres as a staging ground for violence, while a growing tendency among refugee populations to settle in towns and cities placed unprecedented strain on host communities and infrastructure. 

  • IISS Voices

    Understanding conflict-related sexual violence

    12 May 2017.  Rape and other forms of sexual violence are not an inevitable consequence of war, and are perpetrated only by some armed actors. Understanding this variation has important implications for designing policy for sexual violence prevention and prosecution efforts, as well as peacekeeping, peacebuilding and transitional justice.

  • ACD Insight

    Young women participating in conflict must actively participate in post-conflict stabilisation

    11 May 2017.  Despite the increasing direct involvement of young women in conflict, efforts to engage them in disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration programmes seem ineffective

  • IISS Voices

    Young women participating in conflict must actively participate in post-conflict stabilisation

    11 May 2017.  Despite the increasing direct involvement of young women in conflict, efforts to engage them in disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration programmes seem ineffective

  • Armed Conflict Survey

    Chapter 5: South Asia

    09 May 2017. 

    Afghanistan
    India (Assam)
    India (CPI–Maoist)
    India (Manipur)
    India (Nagaland)
    India–Pakistan (Kashmir)
    Pakistan

  • Armed Conflict Survey

    Editor’s Introduction

    09 May 2017. 

    Fatalities in the world’s conflicts declined for a second successive year in 2016, to 157,000, from 167,000 in 2015 and 180,000 in 2014. The war in Syria remained the world’s most lethal, with a further 50,000 deaths there bringing the total since 2011 to around 290,000 – more than twice the number recorded in Bosnia’s four-year fratricidal conflict in the 1990s. The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan claimed 17,000 and 16,000 lives respectively in 2016, although in lethality they were surpassed by conflicts in Mexico and Central America, which have received much less attention from the media and the international community. Mexico had the world’s second-most-lethal conflict in 2016, with 23,000 fatalities. The number of homicides rose in 22 of Mexico’s 32 states. 

  • Armed Conflict Survey

    Chapter 3: Middle East

    09 May 2017. 

    Egypt
    Iraq
    Israel–Palestine
    Lebanon–Hizbullah–Syria
    Libya
    Mali (The Sahel)
    Syria
    Turkey (PKK)
    Yemen

  • Armed Conflict Survey

    Chapter 4: Sub-Saharan Africa

    09 May 2017. 

    Central African Republic
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Ethiopia
    Nigeria (Boko Haram)
    Nigeria (Delta Region)
    Somalia
    South Sudan
    Sudan (Blue Nile, Darfur and South Kordofan)

  • Armed Conflict Survey

    Chapter 6: Asia-Pacific

    09 May 2017. 

    China (Xinjiang)
    Myanmar
    Philippines (ASG)
    Philippines (MILF)
    Philippines (NPA)
    Southern Thailand

armed conflict database

Armed Conflict Database

A regularly updated IISS online resource providing detailed information on more than 70 conflicts worldwide.