• Strategic Comments

    Libya’s fragmented conflict resists solutions

    30 September 2015. 

    There are no clear solutions to Libya’s civil war. While there are notionally two sides to the conflict, each is made up of a multitude of militias and factions with ever-changing internal dynamics.

  • Survival

    Could Libya’s Decline Have Been Predicted?

    22 September 2015.  Those who blame Libya’s demise on Western actors and institutions obscure the overwhelming responsibility and opportunity Libyans themselves had to shape their own future.

  • Expert Commentary

    The National Interest: Tunisia Needs to Do More to Fight Terrorism

    14 July 2015.  By Benjamin Fishman, Consulting Senior Fellow for the Middle East and North Africa The June 26 resort massacre in Tunisia that resulted in thirty-eight deaths revealed that the only Arab democracy is woefully underprepared to take on the brutality of the Islamic State. Like the March attack at Tunis’ Bardo museum, the beach and hotel had very limited security and the response times of police were insufficient to prevent dozens of...

  • Adelphi Books

    China’s Strong Arm: Protecting Citizens and Assets Abroad

    29 May 2015. 

    China has long adhered to a principle of ‘non-interference’ in other states’ affairs. However, as more of its companies have been investing in projects overseas, and millions of its nationals are travelling abroad, Beijing is finding itself progressively involved in other countries – through the need to protect these interests and citizens.

  • Adelphi Books

    Chapter 5: International rescue: Beijing’s mass evacuation from Libya

    23 May 2015. 

    Beijing entered a new era in spring 2011 when, as part of a larger evacuation, four Chinese military planes landed in the southern Libyan desert to rescue stranded Chinese workers.

  • Expert Commentary

    Foreign Affairs: Who Lost Libya?

    21 April 2015.  Obama’s Intervention in Retrospect Foreign Affairs May/June 2015

  • Armed Conflict Survey

    Chapter 3: Middle East

    14 April 2015.  Egypt (Sinai) 
    Mali (The Sahel) 
    Turkey (PKK) 

  • Expert Commentary

    RFI: Egyptian air strikes could threaten Libya talks - Expert

    19 February 2015.  RFI  interview with Benjamin Fishman, Consulting Senior Fellow for the Middle East and North Africa

  • The Military Balance

    Chapter 7: Middle East

    18 February 2015.  The Syrian war; ISIS: tactics, emergence and advance
    Libya: continuing instability: Defence economics
    Israel: changing security dynamics: Another war in Gaza
    United Arab Emirates: Defence-policy developments; Platforms and forces; International defence cooperation; Defence economics

  • Strategic Comments

    Libya’s civil war: the essential briefing

    10 February 2015. 

    Libya has been in a state of civil war since July 2014. Here, IISS Strategic Comments attempts to make sense of the politics, the conflict and the economics – and potential future scenarios.

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