• Strategic Comments

    Confronting failed government and the Islamic State in Libya

    25 February 2016. 

    The Islamic State has taken advantage of the chaos of 20 months of war in Libya to build a series of bases in the country, expanding its territory and now threatening the country’s oil ports. The United States and its allies now face hard decisions about how to confront the militant group.

  • The Military Balance

    Chapter 7: Middle East and North Africa

    09 February 2016.  Regional states deploy amid worsening security; Worries about Iran; Reforming Iraq’s army; The war against ISIS; ISIS in combat; The US-led coalition against ISIS; War in Syria: towards year five; Regime acknowledges personnel shortage; Other actors
    Libya
    Yemen: GCC military operations; UAE forces; GCC defence cooperation
    Regional Defence Economics; Macroeconomics; Defence spending; Procurement; Combat aviation, air and missile defence; Land systems and airlift; Surface vessels and coastal-patrol assets

  • Events

    North Africa in Transition

    20 January 2016. 

    IISS–Americas Book Launch
    Ben Fishman, Editor, North Africa in Transition
    Haim Malka, Contributing Author, North Africa in Transition; Middle East Program Deputy Director and Senior Fellow, CSIS
    John Desrocher, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Egypt and Maghreb Affairs
    Chair: Mark Fitzpatrick, Executive Director, IISS–Americas
    IISS–Americas, Washington DC
    Wednesday 20 January 2016, 2pm-3pm EST

  • Adelphi Books

    Introduction: North Africa in Transition

    17 November 2015. 

    The popular unrest that started in Tunisia in late 2010 and spread across North Africa and the wider Middle East happened at a pace no one predicted.  This book begins the conversation where the uprisings originated, examining why revolutions transpired in Tunisia and Libya but not in Morocco or Algeria.

  • Adelphi Books

    Chapter 2: Libya: From Euphoria to Breakdown

    17 November 2015.  At the very centre of the Libyan capital of Tripoli, adjacent to both the ancient Ottoman-era medina and the elegant Italian built colonial district, lies Martyrs’ Square. It was on this wide, paved plaza, then called Green Square, that Colonel Muammar Gadhafi’s supporters gathered in defiant demonstrations, amid NATO air-strikes, during the 2011 bombing campaign. Six months later, tens of thousands of Libyans streamed in joyously to the same square...

  • Adelphi Books

    Conclusion: The Challenges on Implementing Institutional Reform

    17 November 2015. 

    The most striking differences in the responses of the four North African states to the Arab uprisings of 2011 lie in the nature and structure of their respective regime institutions.

  • Adelphi Books

    Chapter 6: A New Economic Model for North Africa

    17 November 2015. 

    Several of the uprisings in North Africa produced political changes but have yet to foster the kind of economic conditions demonstrators demanded when they took to the streets in late 2010 and 2011.

  • Adelphi Books

    North Africa in Transition: The Struggle for Democracies and Institutions

    17 November 2015. 

    This Adelphi book examines how the politics, security and economies – which were largely stable for decades prior to 2011 – have changed in the four states of the Magrheb.

  • Strategic Comments

    Tunisia’s democracy faces economic challenges

    05 November 2015. 

    Increasing efforts to aid Tunisia have come from the international community during the past year, as concern mounts that terrorism and economic malaise may erode faith in the democratic system. It will be necessary to convince the business elite that ending monopolistic practices will not imperil their own living standards, and that reform will improve the lot of all Tunisians.

  • Strategic Comments

    EU’s naval mission in Mediterranean sets precedents

    29 October 2015. 

    The European Union’s naval mission was quickly established in response to the growing migrant crisis off Europe’s southern shores. Aiming to disrupt the ‘business model’ of traffickers and to save lives, Operation Sophia also marks an important shift in EU foreign policy.

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