Libya’s faltering new government

The new UN-backed Government of National Accord (GNA) has based itself in Tripoli. But the GNA has failed to muster an effective nationwide military capability and is rivalled for national authority by the Tobruk-based House of Representatives (HOR), which controls the Libyan National Army and Libya's oil ports. Although GNA-linked forces have decimated the Islamic State in and around Sirte, the new government's unsteady hold on Tripoli is vulnerable to HOR challenge.

Cyber conflict and deterrence

Major powers have so far exercised mutual restraint in the cyber realm for fear of precipitating uncontrollable consequences, but is this strategic ambiguity sustainable?

India and Pakistan’s evolving Gulf relationships

India’s focus has shifted towards security and defence cooperation, while Pakistan will continue to try to balance its relations with Gulf Arab states and those with Iran.

The international politics of climate change after Brexit

Among EU states, the United Kingdom has led efforts to achieve cuts in greenhouse-gas emissions for three decades, but Brexit may weaken such initiatives.

Turbulence in the Taiwan Strait

The election of Tsai Ing-wen as president of Taiwan by an increasingly pro-independence electorate has made Beijing more likely to attempt to impose reunification.

Nigeria’s security under Buhari

Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari has made progress in containing the jihadist group Boko Haram in the northeast, but in other parts of the country he faces burgeoning security challenges.

Venezuela’s post-Chavez torment

Venezuela's dire economic situation has produced violent protests, looting and calls for intransigent President Nicolas Maduro's recall.

Pakistan: a more positive trajectory

The past 18 months have been an atypically salutary period for Pakistan. Democracy has deepened, civilian–military relations have been stable, the economy has grown and foreign relations have been conducted with relative maturity and civility. While Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif does face some political turbulence and the country's long-term challenges remain substantial, Pakistan's overall outlook is improving.