With more than 1,400 of his country's citizens killed in three months of protests, the president of Syria gave a speech on 20 June. It was the third time that Bashar al-Assad had addressed the nation since the Arab Spring reached Syria, but his renewed promises of dialogue and reform failed to convince the opposition.

With more than 1,400 of his country's citizens killed in three months of protests, the president of Syria gave a speech on 20 June. It was the third time that Bashar al-Assad had addressed the nation since the Arab Spring reached Syria, but his renewed promises of dialogue and reform failed to convince the opposition; four days later they staged the biggest day of protest yet against the regime. The situation inside Syria has continued to deteriorate, especially after a violent crackdown in the northern town of Jisr al-Shughour and an exodus of thousands to Turkey. But despite concerns of a growing humanitarian crisis, the international response has been very different to that in Libya.

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Turkey: the attempted coup and its troubling aftermath

The military coup attempted in Turkey on 15 July 2016 fizzled out quickly. But President Tayyip Erdogan has accused preacher Fethullah Gulen and his followers of engineering the coup without substantiation, and is using it as a pretext to purge the government, judiciary and military.

European air combat capabilities

The UK's vote to leave the EU risks worrying NATO allies about its reliability as a defence partner. To allay this concern, the UK could expand its collaboration with Europe on aerospace projects.