Egypt’s convoluted transition from authoritarian rule to a more democratic system continues to suffer from serious tremors. In recent weeks, activists failed in an attempt to revive the revolution and challenge military rule, though the military did offer concessions and installed a new interim government.

Egypt’s convoluted transition from authoritarian rule to a more democratic system continues to suffer from serious tremors. In recent weeks, activists failed in an attempt to revive the revolution and challenge military rule, though the military did offer concessions and installed a new interim government. While the country’s most free parliamentary elections in decades are under way – with Islamist parties so far winning easily – the future course of Egypt’s revolution remains highly uncertain.

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Libya’s faltering new government

The new UN-backed Government of National Accord (GNA) has based itself in Tripoli. But the GNA has failed to muster an effective nationwide military capability and is rivalled for national authority by the Tobruk-based House of Representatives (HOR).

Cyber conflict and deterrence

Major powers have so far exercised mutual restraint in the cyber realm for fear of precipitating uncontrollable consequences, but is this strategic ambiguity sustainable?