Adelphi Books

The International Institute for Strategic Studies is an independent centre for research, information and debate on the problems of conflict, however caused, that have, or potentially have, an important military content. The Council and Staff of the Institute are international and its membership is drawn from almost 100 countries. The Institute is independent and it alone decides what activities to conduct. It owes no allegiance to any government, any group of governments or any political or other organisation. The IISS stresses rigorous research with a forward-looking policy orientation and places particular emphasis on bringing new perspectives to the strategic debate. The Institute’s publications are designed to meet the needs of a wider audience than its own membership and are available on subscription, by mail order and in good bookshops. Further details at www.iiss.org. acknowledgements The ideas presented in this book emerged as we worked, separately and together, on questions at the nexus of business and conflict in fragile states. Over many years of research and activity in the field, we have benefited from the critical reflections of our academic and practitioner colleagues on every continent in the business, development, security and peacebuilding communities. In an emerging area of enquiry for which the need for more systematic quantitative and qualitative analysis seems apparent, their insight has helped to calibrate the arguments presented, to ensure that necessarily broad generalities are grounded in real experience, and to maintain a focus on pragmatic and workable solutions. We wish to offer our sincere and heartfelt thanks to each of you. Any errors or omissions of fact or judgement are of course our own responsibility. Brian Ganson and Achim Wennmann Cape Town and Geneva, May 2016 glossary ABN ABN Amro AfDB African Development Bank AMDC African Minerals Development Centre ANC African National Congress (South Africa) AU African Union AVRP armed violence reduction and prevention BIT bilateral investment treaty BSAC British South Africa Company CAO Compliance Advisor Ombudsman (for IMF and MIGA) CASA Conflict Affected States in Africa (initiative of the IFC) CBM Consultative Business Movement (South Africa) CBMS community-based monitoring systems CCMA Commission for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration (South Africa) CCSD Center for Conflict, Security and Development (World Bank) CKD chronic kidney disease CODESA Convention for a Democratic South Africa CoST Construction Sector Transparency Initiative CRMA Crime and Risk Mapping Analysis (South Sudan) DAC Development Assistance Committee (OECD) DRC Democratic Republic of the Congo EITI Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative FDI foreign direct investment FOE Friends of the Earth GAIN Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition GDP gross domestic product GDS Geneva Declaration Secretariat GIZ German International Cooperation Agency GMU General Memorandum of Understanding HRC Human Rights Council (UN) HRW Human Rights Watch IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development ICJ International Commission of Jurists ICMM International Council on Mining and Metals ICRC International Committee of the Red Cross ICSID International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes IDA International Development Association IDP internally displaced person IDRC International Development Research Centre IEG Independent Evaluation Group (World Bank) IFC International Finance Corporation...

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