The International Institute for Strategic Studies is an independent centre for research, information and debate on the problems of conflict, however caused, that have, or potentially have, an important military content. The Council and Staff of the Institute are international and its membership is drawn from almost 100 countries. The Institute is independent and it alone decides what activities to conduct. It owes no allegiance to any government, any group of governments or any political or other organisation. The IISS stresses rigorous research with a forward-looking policy orientation and places particular emphasis on bringing new perspectives to the strategic debate. The Institute’s publications are designed to meet the needs of a wider audience than its own membership and are available on subscription, by mail order and in good bookshops. Further details at www.iiss.org. acknowledgements Many of the chapters in this book are derived from papers delivered at a conference on ‘Trade and Flag: The Changing Balance of Power in the Multilateral Trade System’, organised by the IISS Geo-economics and Strategy Programme and held at the IISS–Middle East offices, in Manama, Bahrain, in April 2014, with the support of the Bahrain Development Board. For more on the conference, please visit http://www.iiss.org/en/events/geo-economics-s-seminars/trade-and-flag-256b. Opinions expressed in these articles are the authors’ and do not necessarily reflect those of their employers. contributors
Consulting Senior Fellow for Geo-economics and Strategy, IISS, and diplomat serving in the Brazilian Foreign Ministry´s policy planning staff.
Director for Geo-economics and Strategy, IISS, and Honorary Senior Fellow, Centre for Policy Research, New Delhi.
Professor of Law and Economics at Columbia University and Senior Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations. He has served in top-level advisory positions for the WTO and the UN, including as Economic Policy Adviser to the Director-General of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) from 1991–93.
Research and Liaison Officer for the Geo-economics and Strategy Programme, IISS.
Chung Ju Yung Distinguished Professor of International Economics and Business at Johns Hopkins University. He is also a Research Associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER).
French political adviser and Honorary President of Paris-based think tank Notre Europe, Lamy was the Director-General of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) from 2005–13. He is also a former European Commissioner for Trade.
Vice-Chair of the National Institution for Transforming India Aayog (NITI Aayog), an Indian government think tank. Professor of Economics at Columbia University, Panagariya is also an ex-Chief Economist at the Asian Development Bank.
Secretary-General of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) from 2005–13 and Director-General of the WTO from 2002–05.
Chief Economic Adviser to the government of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Subramanian previously held senior fellowships at the Peterson Institute for International Economics and the Center for Global Development.
Ashley J. Tellis
Senior Associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace specialising in international security, defence and Asian strategic issues. Previously, he served in the US Foreign Service and on the National Security Council staff as Special Assistant...