In accordance with United Nations Security Council Resolution 2231, Iran will soon be allowed to procure advanced military equipment from international suppliers. How Tehran decides to recapitalise its military could have a profound impact on the security and stability of the Gulf and wider Middle East.

VADM (Retd) John 'Fozzie' Miller, Michael Eisenstadt and Michael Elleman discussed the weaponry Iran is likely to seek, how the acquisition of new capabilities will alter the security environment in the Gulf, and the steps the US and its allies in the region must now take to maximise regional security.


Michael Eisenstadt is the Kahn Fellow and Director of The Washington Institute's Military & Security Studies Program. A specialist in Persian Gulf and ArabIsraeli security affairs, he has published widely on irregular and conventional warfare, and nuclear weapons proliferation in the Middle East. Prior to joining the Institute in 1989, he worked as a military analyst with the US government. He served for twenty-six years as an officer in the US Army Reserve before retiring in 2010.

Michael Elleman is the IISS Senior Fellow for Missile Defence, based in Washington DC. Before joining IISS, he spent five years at Booz Allen Hamilton where he supported the implementation of cooperative threat reduction programmes sponsored by the US Department of Defense and the Department of Energy. Previously, he spent 18 months at the United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission as a missile expert for weapons inspection missions in Iraq.

John 'Fozzie' Miller, USN (Retired) is a consultant, policy adviser, and speaker based in Washington DC. In 2015, he retired from the US Navy after a long and distinguished career. Following successive commands, his focus turned to the Middle East after his promotion to vice admiral. He was consecutively deputy commander of US Naval Forces Central Command/United States Fifth Fleet; deputy director of Strategy, Plans, and Policy (J5); and chief of staff for US Central Command, before serving as commander of US Naval Forces Central Command, US Fifth Fleet, and Combined Maritime Forces.

Mark Fitzpatrick is the Executive Director of the IISSAmericas, as well as head of the IISS Non-Proliferation and Nuclear Policy Programme. He joined IISS in 2005, after 26 years at the State Department, and moved back to Washington in December 2015. His research focus is on preventing nuclear dangers through non-proliferation, nuclear security, and arms control. Follow Mark Fitzpatrick @FitzpatrickIISS.


This event was chaired by Mark Fitzpatrick, Executive Director, IISS–Americas. It took place at the IISS–Americas in Washington DC.

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Event details

Discussion Meeting
Michael Eisenstadt, Kahn Fellow and Director, Military & Security Studies Program, The Washington Institute
Michael Elleman, Senior Fellow for Missile Defence, IISS
John 'Fozzie' Miller, Vice Admiral (Retired), US Navy
Chaired by Mark Fitzpatrick, Executive Director, IISS–Americas
IISS–Americas, Washington DC
Tuesday 18 July, 10–11am EDT